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Nikol Galanderian (1881 - 1944 )

Born September 7, 1881 in Akn (Ağın) historical Armenia to a shoemakers family, Nikol Galanderian lost most of his family in the Turkish massacres of 1894-96. He and a brother survived.

In 1900 he began studies under the noted Armenian composer Komitas Vardapet at the Gevorgian Seminary. He studied with Komitas for two years becoming familiar with Armenian Church music and the Armenian notational system. He studied the violin and guitar on his own and continued to explore music theory. In 1910 he accepted a teaching position in Tiflis Georgia and in 1911 began his composing career with his first composition based on a text of Avedik Issahakian Yerger ou verker (“Songs and Wounds”). With the recognition of his work came an invitation to teach at the Haykazian School in Tehran, Iran, where he lived and composed the rest of this life. In Tehran, he organized and conducted the "Goghtan" choir, an Armenian choir that performed many of his works.

In 1913 he wrote a children's opera and, beginning in 1924, many other compositions for children. Many of his works draw upon Armenian poetry and writings. His works draw upon the poetry of Vahan Terian, Hovhannes Toumanian, Avetik Isahakian and others. His work includes the operas Parvana (a lake in Georgia), Hovik ("Breeze") and Lalvari vors ("Lalvar's Prey"). His compositions and manuscripts are in the archives of the State Museum of Art and Literature in Yerevan, Armenia.

He continued his compositional career until his death, March 2, 1944.

 

Works

 

Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  A. erger ew romansner [Murmurs of Hopes and Emotions: Songs and Romances], Vol. 1. Yerevan: Grakanut’yan ev    arvesti tangaran (GAT‘), 1995, 138 pp.

  Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  B. erger ew romansner [Songs and Romances]. Vol. 2. Yerevan: GAT’, 1995, 138 pp.

 Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  G. erger ew romansner. Vol. 3. Yerevan: GAT’, 2000, 189 pp.

 Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  D. khmberger [Choral Works]. Vol. 4. Yerevan: GAT’, 2001, 190 pp.

Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  E. Mankakan steghtagortut’iwnner [Children’s Works]. Vol. 5. Yerevan: GAT’, 1999, 85 pp.

 Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  Z. Gortsik’ayin steghtagortsut’iwnner [Instrumental Works]. Vol. 6. Yerevan: GAT’, 2002, 271 pp.

Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  E’ Operaner [Operas]. Vol. 7. Yerevan: GAT’, 2003, 286 pp.

Huyseri ew huyzeri mrmunjner  E. Zugergner ew ansamblner [Duets and Ensemble Works]. Vol. 8. Yerevan: GAT’, 2003, 102 pp.

 Du norits’ekel es [You Have Come Again]. Yerevan: GAT’, 1999, 70 pp.